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          After the epidemic, where does the aquatic product processing trade go?

          2020-11-28

          Processing companies' resumption of work and production are delayed. Affected by the epidemic, processing companies have generally resumed work nearly a month later than in previous years, and the resumption rate is generally lower than in previous years. After the resumption of work, they encountered many problems in raw material storage, logistics and other aspects. The result was: on the one hand, domestic companies could not complete orders on time and had to negotiate with buyers to postpone; on the other hand, international buyers appeared to avoid risks. Breach of contract, cancellation of orders, etc.
           
          The risk of import and export trade increases. Even if the order is driven out as scheduled, there are still many risks in the export process: one is the decline in shipping and air transportation capacity, the increase in transportation costs, and the reduction in efficiency; the second is the strengthening of international port inspections, and the products cannot be cleared in time after arrival, and port storage inspections, etc. Expenses have increased; third, as the epidemic spreads globally, the export situation has become increasingly severe. At present, the export of domestic aquatic products to South Korea has been suspended, and exports to Japan, Europe and the United States have all declined.
           
          International trade communication channels are interrupted. During this period of previous years, China Aquatic Products Circulation and Processing Association organized processing import and export enterprises to participate in large-scale international exhibitions, and carried out business visits and negotiations during the exhibition to help enterprises fully understand the international trade situation and export market trends and strengthen communication with buyers. Complete the negotiation and signing of new orders. However, after the outbreak of the epidemic, the North American Aquatic Products Exhibition originally scheduled to be held in March has been clearly postponed. The extension of the upcoming Global Aquatic Products Exhibition in Brussels in April is also expected. Based on the current outbreak and control of the epidemic in Europe, it is estimated that it cannot be held on schedule. . The global trade situation can only be judged by email and media reports. Since the information is not directly understood, it can only be judged by subjective judgment.
           
          Decline in exports has become a reality. In the past ten years, Japan, the United States, Europe, South Korea, etc. have become my country's main export markets. As the epidemic spreads to the world, these countries and regions have become the hardest hit areas. Although it is difficult to judge the overall situation, it is conceivable that the impact from the main markets is unavoidable. my country's aquatic product exports are facing the biggest test in history.
           
          Cui He believes that with the improvement of the epidemic prevention and control situation, government departments should focus on the development trend of the "post-epidemic" industry and introduce corresponding policies to promote industrial transformation and upgrading.
           
          First of all, we should support the automation and intelligent upgrading of equipment in the aquatic product processing industry, and accelerate industrial transformation and upgrading. From the perspective of the resumption of work and production in this epidemic, the companies that can resume work and production earlier and better are all companies with a higher degree of equipment automation and intelligence. After the epidemic, it is recommended to strengthen financial and financial support for the improvement of the overall industrial automation and intelligent equipment level of aquatic processing enterprises to help industrial upgrading.
           
          Secondly, it is necessary to attach importance to the role of the processing industry in stimulating the industry, and introduce a temporary purchase and storage policy for aquatic products. In this epidemic, the processing industry has played an important role. Facing the sluggish circulation and consumer market, a large number of aquatic products cannot be sold in time. The pressure pond problem has affected the annual production plan. After the processing plant resumed work, it actively responded to the government's call to overcome its own difficulties and purchased a large number of pressure pond fish. Invigorating the entire fishery production has played an extremely critical role. However, only a few provinces have introduced temporary purchasing and storage policies for aquatic products, which have been effective in solving the problem of pond pressure. However, it is difficult to maintain it solely relying on the strength of enterprises, and it is easy to break the capital chain. It is recommended to introduce a national purchasing and storage policy as soon as possible to help the industry tide over difficulties. After the epidemic is over, continue to improve and gradually refine the implementation plan.
           
          Third, we must encourage companies to go global, rationally deploy production capacity, and cultivate multinational companies. From the perspective of the global economic development trend, economic globalization will inevitably be accompanied by the improvement of resource allocation efficiency, and the transfer of labor-intensive primary processing is difficult to reverse. It is recommended to introduce relevant policies to guide enterprises to seize the opportunity of the “Belt and Road”, rationally deploy production capacity, keep the company’s “headquarters” in the country, strengthen R&D investment, improve scientific management and brand operation capabilities, strengthen foreign investment, and transfer production to cost more Competitive countries and regions, diversify risks, make better use of two markets and two resources, and cultivate multinational companies.
           
          Finally, more attention must be paid to the cultivation and regulation of the domestic market. China is now not only the world's largest producer and exporter of aquatic products, but also the world's largest importer and consumer of aquatic products. The current situation of blocked aquatic product exports is inevitable, and how to do a good job in the domestic market has become a top priority. It is necessary to speed up the establishment of a market access system, establish standards and certifications that Chinese consumers trust, so that domestic consumers can confidently purchase domestic products, release their consumption potential, and completely hedge against the decline in exports; at the same time, they must do a good job in popularizing science and guiding consumers Reasonable dietary structure adjustment can not only stimulate new development potential of the industry, but also cooperate with the national health plan to help improve the national physical fitness.
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